Just got word today from Singer/Songwriter Glenda Luck- She has the Cd’s finally in her possession and is in the process of getting her website ready to take orders! She has a few ‘kinks’ to work out but should be available shortly! (Mine will be in the mail tomorrow – due to helping her I get a personal copy from her – so sweet – will be treasured!) This is a 3 year process for her and she is at the final stages! I have 2 speaking parts on this cd and I can’t wait for you all to hear the “Samuel Chagum” song (not sure how she spelt it but a tribute to a ancestor of mine~
Update 6/20/14 Got CD in and it is AWESOME!Will update soon with link to purchase! We still uncertain if Great James or Samell Chagum is father to our James Chagum Note from Coni: I have 2 theory’s 1st is Great James is father and James of Barkhamsted is indentured to a Elizabeth Cole (believe this is where we will find “Molly Barber’s” story if correct) 2nd is that Samell Chagum is father and they changed their names to Nocakes/Noka’s – Once again my James is indentured (believe had a education also) but too whom indentured? Which would mean who ever had him as a slave could be the family that was “Molly Barber’s” – They ran to “Satan’s Kingdom” because there was a Chief there named Shawgum/Chagum already (Could it be “Great James” brother/Uncle ? Working on this) and James last name was NOKA/NOCAKES and had changed his name to Shawgum/Chagum due to running/hiding once he reached Barkhamsted due to marriage to a white women? Note from Coni: the spelling was kept to the original form Sam Chogum was a witness in this document
“Coppyes out of the originall this 11th Janry 1693 P me J. Raymond Recorder
Bk l- 233: This Indenture made the ninth day of November in the year of our lord 1690 Between trugo an Ingen boy (someone has written here “poss 7 yrs 9 mo”) sonn of Quepeg deceased formerly belonging to blockisland In the Colliny of Roadisland & province plantations on the one part & Joshua Raymond of the same place yeoman on the other part wittneseth that the sayd trugo by & withe the Consent of his Brothers Richanrd & pettor & his siter Hannah hath put & by these presents doth firmly bind himself servant unto the sayd Joshua Raymond his Heires Executtors Administrattors of Assignes for 7 during the Whole terme or time of thirtene full yeares & three monthes to Commenc & begine at the day of the date hereof & the sayd trugo doth hereby obleige himself his sayd marsters house or service without his Leave until the sd thriten yeares & three monthes be fully Eanded but in all things shall bare & behave himself as becometh a good & faythfull servant towardes his sayd marster & all his during the aforesd time or terme altho not more herin Expresed In Considerattion wherof the sayd Joshua Raymond doth Covenant promise & Ingaudge for himself his Heires Executtors Administrattores & Assignes to find for and allow unto sayd trugo suffitient meat drink & apparell washing & Loging suttable for such a servant during the terme of thirtene yeares & three monthes & to give him toe suits of apparell when his time Is Expired & to pay or Cause to be payd to sayd trugo & his brothers & sister above named thirtene gallons of Rum & four Crucking Cloth Cottes or fourty shillings mony In manner as followeth viz one gallon of Rum yearly till six gallons be payd to his sayd Brothers or one Cote or ten shillings in the yeares 1691 and 1693 the Rest to be payd to the sayd trugo when his time is outt In witness hereof we have hereunto sett our hands & seales the day & year above written & in the second year of the Reigne of their maiesteys King William & Quene Mary
James ( X )Chogums Richards (X)
sam Chogums (X) Petter ( X)
toby (X) Trugo ( X)
Jabins (X) Hannah ( X)
The above written Indenture Is a true Copy of the originall Indenture Extractted January 18th 1692 P me J Raymond Recorder
Note from Coni: This is one of my Speaking parts – reading of court case on cd for Glenda Luck
It being a Quarter Meeting and at SD Meeting John Dodge brought up an Indeon Man by a warant to the Cunstable, the Indeon man name being Samell Chagum and was brought before the wardins for Stealing a Cannooe and runing away and left the Cannooe our determanation and Judgment is that the Sd John Dodge Shall have fifty Shillings paid to him for his damige and the Sd-Indeons master Shall pay the money, and Said Indeon Shall Serve his Said master Six months after his Indenture are out for his theft. Which is the determanation of us, Simon Ray Wardin Edward Ball D : W:
From the Book: A History of Block Island From it’s discovery in 1514 and it’s present time 1876 By: Rev. S. T. LIVERMORE, A. M
Page 63-64 -DISAPPEARING: The disappearing of the Indians from Block Island was rapid and easily explained. Up to the year 1700 they numbered about 300. As these were mentioned by Niles in contrast with the sixteen men and a boy who challenged them to an open field-fight, it may be inferred that they were men, warriors. If this inference be correct then we may put down their original number, at the time of settlement by the English in 1662 to be nearly 1000, including the women and children. From a “Memorandum of Block Island, or Manisses, A. D. 1762, by Dr. Stiles,” we learn to how small a number they had dwindled during the first century of occupancy of the Island by the English. He says that in 1756 there were “few Indians, but no wigwams.” From the same volume in which this statement is contained we learn that in 1774 the Indians of Block Island were reduced to fifty-one. Their disappearance from the Island may be attributed mainly to three causes; First, the loss of their lands ; secondly, their subjugation to slavery, and thirdly, the need of them by Ninicraft, their chief, on the main-land. As instances of their running away it is sufficient to refer to the six who left Mr. Thomas Terry to Chagum, after whom Chagum Pond is supposed to have been named, who ran away with a canoe, was recaptured, and re-enslaved. (See Chagum Pond.) That they were not exterminated by wars is certain, for we have no account of any killing of Indians on Block Island after Col. Endicott’s expedition against the Manisseans in 1636. A single remnant of the old aboriginal stock is living on the Island.
Page 160 – Chagum Pond: This name is commonly pronounced Shawgum, and is probably taken from an Indian. We have a record of one Samuel Chagum, who distinguished himself here in 1711 by stealing a canoe, running away from his master, losing the canoe, and suffering the penalty from the wardens of six months added to his former period of servitude. The pond lies between the Great Pond and Sandy Point, and is about as large as a tenth part of the latter pond. It is fresh, and supported from the sea, separated from it the proper distance for filtering the sea-water. In the great gale of 1815, the sea waves were so high as to pass over into Chagum Pond, the only time of which we have an account of such an occurrence.
BERMUDA OF THE NORTH – LIVERMORE’S lllustrated Latest Edition Brought down to date, revised & edited BY CHAS. E. PERRY – 25 cents
CHAGUM POND: This is next in size to the Great Pond. Its name is commonly pronounced Shawgum, and it probably originated from an Indian who lived on the Island in 1711, was then a slave to some lordly master, stole a boat, ran away, lost the boat, was captured, and was punished by the wardens by six months added to his former period of servitude. Part of the Pond is in Sandy Point. Its water is fresh and clear, and on its northerly side is separated by a narrow Isthmus from the sea, over which the sea has been known to break into the pond, as it did in the great gale of 1915, passing over so deep, so suddenly, and with such force as to carry a footman, Edward Gorton, then passing, into the pond where he was buried so deep in the sand as never to be recovered. This pond is visited by the Neck Road, which leads to the Sandy Point Light House located near this pond. End
Pg 50 The following list only includes the largest of the ponds, and those which might be of interest to strangers. Chagum Pond, sometimes spelled Sachem Pond, with exception of the New Harbor is of the largest area. It is located at Sandy Point on the northern end of the Island at the termination of the Neck Road. On the north it very nearly approaches the sea, being separated only by a band of sand. The view from the point looking across the pond is most attractive, and beyond at the south are two smaller ponds which present the same opportunities for fishing. SKETCH OF THOMAS TERRY: Taken from the History of Block Island, Rhode Island, from Its Discovery in 1514 to 1876, by Rev. S. T. Livermore, A. M. Published 1877. No one, perhaps, took a more active part than Thomas Terry in the settlement and improving of Block Island during his short residence here. He seems to have been a man of very different bearing from the high-toned statesman-like Capt. James Sands, and more quiet, even-tempered, moral Simon Ray. Mr. Terry had great self-possession, shrewdness, and withal a daring unexcelled by the bravest. Thus in these three men we find the little Block Island colony of sixteen families favored with the three important characters of statesman, moralist, and hero. That Thomas Terry was the latter none can doubt who properly estimate the few incidents of his life that we are able together. He was present at the house of Dr. John Alcock in Roxbury, Mass., the 17th of August 1660, “then and there to confer about” the purchase of Block Island.He was from Braintree, Mass., and was one of the six who built a “barque for the transporting of cattle to said island for the settlement thereof”, and in April, 1661, left Braintree with others for Block Island, stopping on their way at Taunton. In May, 1664, he, with James Sands. Petitioned the Court of Rhode Island for the admission of the Islanders as freemen of the colony, and in response was appointed by said court to proceed with Mr. Sands to inaugurate the first steps of civil government on the Island, and they did accordingly. At the same time Mr. Terry was admitted freeman of the colony. In 1665, as representative from Block Island in the Rhode Island General Assembly, he was intimately associated with Roger Williams, John Clark, and other distinguished persons. During the year he petitioned the Assembly for assistance in building a harbor on the Island, and thus secured a visit of inspection from a committee consisting of Governor Benedict Arnold, Deputy-Governor William Brenton, and Mr. John Clark. In 1670 Mr.Terry presented a similar petition. In 1672, he was one of the foremost in obtaining a charter for the Island to become a township. His one-sixteenth of the land here purchased was located in different parcels, the largest two of which were the extreme south end of the Island, extending from the east to the west shore, and the narrowest part of the Neckembracing Indian Head Neck. On the northerly part of the latter his house was located. He seems to have been quite forward in making slaves of the Indians, for as early as 1669, six of Indian slaves escaped from him and caused considerable trouble in the colony. Mr. Terry wrote to Francis Lovelace, then governor of New York, concerning these six Indians, and said governor wrote to Governor Arnold, of Rhode Island, about the matter as follows: “Mr. Thomas Terry of Block Island, informs mee that hee hath had six Indyans servants runaway from him, which Ninicraft (Chief of the Narragansetts) protects and keepes, though none of his Indians. I think you may do well to admonish him o fit, and that hee ought not to doe the least injury to the English under whose protection he lives, without giving satisfaction for it. It may be by his answer you may judge of his intent.” The substance of the above the governor of Rhode Island, by an interpreter, communicated to Ninicraft, a very artful chief, who replied “that he had had a great deal of trouble about these servants, and that he did receive an order about them from Mr. Benton in the winter time, when the snow was knee-deep; and that then he did send out to look, but could not find them, and that he did order them often-times to return to their master; but they did run away, some to Connecticott, and some to the Massachusetts. That ThomasTerry had done very badly with him in the business, and caused him a great deal of trouble; that once an old man, one of his Indians, did complain to him that Thomas Terry had taken two children out of his house by force, which were now grown young men, and were two of the six that Thomas Terry did now demand; and that he did advise the said Indian to complain to the Governor against him; that he might hear them both; further, he saith that yesterday he met one of the four Indians that were brought to Thomas Terry upon Quononicutt, and did intend to have brought him over with him, and did bring him some part of the way; but he run from him, and that he would have had the English there to have got on horse-back and rid after him, but they said it was no matter. He also said if Thomas Terry had not intended to have taken away my life, he might as well have informed you that I, being at a dance on Block Island about three or four years since, I seeing a servant of his there, sent him home to him, to his house; but the next morning the said servant came again, and I sent him to his house again; and he returning, I sent him back again the third time. his I believe he did not acquaint you with, although there are several witnesses that can testify to the truth thereof.” The above transactions not only give us a glimpse of personal characters, and of those peculiar times, but they also point to the cause and mode of exterminating the Indians of Block Island. Slavery was the cause, and running away was the mode, evidently. Mr. Terry seems to have been more familiar than any of his fellow citizens with the language and habits of the Indians. He conversed with them in their own tongue, and knew well how to take advantage of their ignorance, and how to manage their passions. Amidst the greatest perils he was master of the situation. The following incident given by his friend Rev. Samuel Niles is in point. At the time referred to, the Indians on the Island were but about twenty to one of the settlers, and they had become so turbulent that the women and children of the latter were collected at the Sands ‘Garrison and a close eye was kept upon the savages. Says Mr. Niles “They therefore kept a very watchful eye on them, especially when they had got a considerable quantity of rum among them and they got drunk, as is common with them, and then they are ready for mischief. Once when they had a large keg of rum, and it was feared by the English what might be the consequence, Mr. Thomas Terry, then an inhabitant there, the father of the present Colonel Terry, Esq., of Freetown, who had gained the Indian tongue, went to treat with them as they were gathered together on a hill that had a long descent to the bottom; (Beacon Hill?) where he found their keg or cask of rum, with the bung out, and began t inquire of them who had supplied them with it. They told him Mr. Arnold, who was a trader on Block Island Upon which he endeavored to under value him and prejudice their minds against him; and in their cups they soon pretended that they cared as little for Mr. Arnold as he did. He told them that if they spake the truth they should prove it, (which is customary among them) and the proof he directed was, to kick their keg of rum, and say, Tuckisha Mr. Arnold! The English is, ‘I don’t care for you Mr. Arnold’: which one of them presently did, and with his kick rolled it down the hill, the bung being open, as was said, and by the time it came to the bottom the rum had all run out. By this stratagem the English were made easy for this time.” Another account of Mr. Terry’s tact and bravery is given by Mr. Niles, which helps us also to understand some of the trials of the first settlers. He says: “Another instance of the remarkable interposition of Providence in the preservation of these few English people in the midst of a great company of Indians. the attempt was strange, and not easily to be accounted for, and thee vent was as strange.” “The Indians renewing their insults, with threatening speeches, and offering smaller abuses, the English fearing the consequences, resolved, these sixteen men and one boy, to make a formal challenge to fight this great company of Indians, near, or full out three hundred, in open pitched battle, and appointed the day for this effort. Accordingly, when the day came, the fore-mentioned Mr. Terry, living on a neck of land remote from the other English inhabitants, just as he was coming out of his house in order to meet them, saw thirty Indians, with their guns, very bright, as though they were fitted for war. He inquired from whence they came.They replied, from Narragansett, and that they were Ninicraft’s men. He asked their business, They said, to see their relations and friends. And for what reason they brought their guns? They replied, because they knew not what game they might meet with in their way. He told them that they must not carry their guns any farther, but deliver them to him; and when they returned, he would deliver them back to them safely. To which they consented, and he secured them in house, and withal told them they must stay there until he had got past the fort; as he was to go by it within gunshot over a narrow beach between two ponds.The Indians accordingly all sat down very quietly, but stayed not long after him; for he had no sooner passed the fort but the Indians made their appearance on a hill, in a small neck of land called by the English Indian-head-neck. And the reason of its being so called was, because when the English came there they found two Indian’s heads stuck upon poles standing there. Whether they were traitors, or captives, I know not. When they at the fort saw those thirty Indians that followed Mr.Terry, they made a mighty shout; but Mr. Terry had, as I observed, but just passed by it. “However, the English, as few as they were, resolved to pursue their design, and accordingly marched with their drum beating up a challenge (their drummer was Mr. Kent, after of Swansey), and advanced within gunshot of it, as far as the water would admit them, as it was on an island in a pond near to, and in plain sight of the place of my nativity. thither they came with utmost resolution, and warlike courage, and magnanimity, standing the Indians to answer their challenge. Their drummer being a very active and sprightly man, and skillful in the business, that drum, under the over-ruling power of Providence, was the best piece of their armor. The Indians were dispirited to that degree that they made no motions against them. The English after inquired of them the reason of their refusing to fight with them, when they had so openly and near their fort made them such a challenge; they declared that the sound of the drum terrified them to that degree that they were afraid to come against them. From this time the Indians became friendly to the English, and ever after.” The above occurrence passed entirely from the knowledge of the Islanders, so that it was news to every one of them when related by the writer in his centennial address to them on the Fourth of July, 1876.
**Note: Excerpts from Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Vol. 2, pp.165-166. Anna3 Rogers (John2, Thomas1) m. (1) John Tisdale; m. (2) between March 1677/8 and 25 Jan 1683 Thomas Terry b. ca. 1631 d. Freetown Oct 1691.
**Note: The Will of Thomas Terrey of Freetown, aged 60 years or there abouts, was… refused probate 30 Oct 1691 for lack of his signature. Anna m. (3) between Oct 1691 and Aug 1697 Samuel Williams. Thus whether the writer was referring toThomas1 or Thomas2 with respect to Anna Williams, he was mistaken. Thomas2 married Abigail Dean. The 1704 date is also obviously an error.– Susan C.Terry.